Meenakari (Minakari) is the art of decorating and coloring and ornamenting the surface of metals like gold, silver and sometimes copper. Minakari is enamelwork, but with certain differences from the sort of enamel craft you have in mind. Enamel working and decorating metals with colorful and baked coats is one of the distinguished courses of art in Isfahan. This mixture of art, chemistry and craftsmanship has been around for a quite long time. The colors using in a Mina works are not simple oil and water based colors we know; they are actually powdered metal oxides mixed with glass material. Persian Enamel handicrafts can be used for wall hanging plates, home decor and candy dishes.
Khatam Kari: Marquetry with Wood & Metal
Khatam Kari (Khātam) is an ancient Persian technique of inlaying. It made by decorating the surface of wooden articles with delicate pieces of wood, brass or camel bones precisely-cut intricate geometric patterns. Ivory, gold or silver can also be used for collection objects but Common materials used in the construction of inlaid articles are gold, silver, brass, aluminum and twisted wire. Sticks are assembled in triangular beams, themselves assembled and glued in a strict. Designing of inlaid articles is a highly elaborate process. There are sometimes more than 400 pieces per square inch in a work of average quality.
In each cubic centimeter of inlaid work, up to approximately 250 pieces of metal, bone, ivory and different kinds of wood are laid side by side, glued together in stages, smoothed, oiled and polished. Inlaid articles in the Safavi era took on a special significance as artists created their precious artworks. Woods used include betel, walnut, cypress and pine. These works include doors and windows, mirror frames, Quran boxes, inlaid boxes, pen and penholders, lanterns and shrines.
Firoozeh Koobi: Turquoise Stone Inlaying
Turquoise Inlaying is a rare and valuable stone in the colors of the turquoise spectrum. Inlaid turquoise is a kind of handicraft made by implanting small pieces of turquoise stone in mosaic fashion on the surface of the dishes, ornaments and decorative objects with copper, brass, silver or bronze bases. The production of Turquoise Inlaying includes two general stages: 1. Main object proportion 2.Turquoise inlaying
In the first step craftsmen making and preparation of the object intended for Turquoise Inlaying using one of the metals indicated above. In second step craftsmen use turquoise chips & small pieces of them to making each Turquoise Inlaying object with a kind of glue.
One of the main suppliers of turquoise is a mine near Neyshaboor city in Iran. This Turquoise Mine is one of the oldest turquoise mines in the world which was extracted from turquoise stone from 2000 years ago and it is located in the northwest of Neyshabur. Turquoise of Neyshabur is the best-known and most expensive turquoise stone in the world.
Ghalamzani: Hammer & Nail Metal Engraving
Engraving on metal (Ghalam Zani) is the name for Persian hand engraving art of carving superb designs on various metals such as copper, brass, silver and gold. Isfahan is the main center for engraving. The artistic work of this course made by the artists are the glorious and undeniable indication of Previous metal work of Iran and Isfahan. Persian Metalwork Engraving is perhaps the most continuous and best-documented artistic medium from Iran in the Islamic period. Each hand engraved item may take up to one week to be finished depending on its size.
Ghalamkari: Hand Printed Textile
Ghalamkar is an art which produces Textile printing and patterned cloths. The fabric is printed using patterned wooden stamps made of pear wood which has better flexibility and density for carving and long-standing utility. A tapestry may be stamped depending on its density and size, between hundreds and tens of thousands of times. For instance, 2 meters by 1.4 meters should be stamped about 580 times up to 4000 times in an elegant work.
Ghalam KarPrint on the cloths was evolved in Iran during the Sassani era and new techniques were initiated in decoration of woolen and cotton clothes. This art was extended generally in Isfahan during the Safavi era.
Termeh: Luxury Quilted Textile
Termeh is the name given to a specialty cloth that originated in Yazd. Traditionally, the cloth was hand-woven using natural silk and wool fiber. Termeh can take the form of fabric, sheets, panels and other shapes. Weaving Termeh is a sensitive, careful and time-consuming work that a good weaver could produce only 25-30 centimeters in a day. Although nowadays they are not 100% handmade, a good quality Termeh can be woven maximum of 100 cm a day and since there are only a few machines for weaving Termeh, it is still an exclusive and costly kind of tablecloth.
We Have plan to Show you Iranian Handicrafts in one of our tours here.