In the north of Iran, Near the Caspian Sea, there are three provinces called Gilan, Mazandaran and Golestan. They have different Vegetation in compare rest of Iran. They covered with forests and High Mountain. Weather in this place is different, humidity is up near sea and we have cold places in top of mountain just with half an hour driving even in summer. The height of mountains is enough to take you above the clouds.
This part of Iran is famous for foods, mountains and forests; there is much kind of sea foods in this land.
Northern portion of Iran has subtropical weather conditions while climate of south is tropical. Mountainous relief affects weather of certain locations. Winter averages are between 3 and 8 °C while at summer there is 30-32 °C with occasional leaps to 40 °C.
Annual amount of precipitation is significant and varies from 600 mm (23.6”) in plains to 1000 mm (39.3”) on mountain slopes.
Important places to visit:
Khalid Nabi Cemetery:
A cemetery in north eastern of Iran is arousing interest from locals and tourists alike. The Khalid Nabi cemetery, which locate 40 miles northeast of Gonbad-e Kavous city in northeastern Iran. More than 600 headstones make up the bizarre cemetery. These stones belong to more than 1,400 years old. Khalis Nabi is a historic cemetery. Tombstones in this cemetery are shape like male and female genitalia.
The best time to visit this area is spring. In this season you see endless lush, green hillocks line the horizon.
According to the Global Post Atop one of the surrounding peaks, a shrine towers majestically. It is thought to house the tomb of Khalid Nabi, a prophet born in Yemen 40 years prior to Prophet Muhammad, according to Alireza Hesar Nuee, one of the rare historians to have studied the site. According to Hesar Nuee, Khalid Nabi promoted Christianity in several countries in the region, including Iran.
Even though Khalid Nabi himself was Christian, years later, his daughter visited Prophet Muhammad and converted to Islam. That is when Nabi’s tomb was placed upon a high mountain and revered as a sacred pilgrimage destination.
To this day Turkmen women tie ribbons to the branches of a tree near the shrine as a pledge for resolution for their troubles. Turkmens live in Iran’s northeast and speak a different dialect from Persian. They live a mostly nomadic life, making a living from training horses.
Badab Sort Spring:
Badab Sort (Persian: باداب سورت) is a natural site in Mazandaran Province in north of Iran. It comprises a range of stepped travertine terrace formations that has been created over thousands of years as flowing water from two mineral hot springs cooled and deposited carbonate minerals on the mountainside.
Badab means carbonated water. The word “Sort” means the intensity of the effect. but Sourt here, is name of a place.
The historic, civilized and beautiful countryside of Areost is composed of several old neighborhoods. One of this neighborhoods is Sourth. It has been in the past a very far-off Zoroastrian neighborhood called Sourt Lengeh. It is said that the Zoroastrians used to worship God above these springs with specific customs.
Badab Sort’s springs are two distinct mineral springs with different natural characteristics, located at 1,840 meters (6,040 ft.) above sea level. The first spring contains very salty water that gathers in a small natural pool; its water is considered to have medicinal properties, especially as a cure for rheumatism and some types of skin diseases and skin conditions. The second spring has a sour taste and is predominately orange mainly due to the large iron oxide sediments at its outlet.
Another similarity to the springs of Badab Sort is that, it is similar to dancing. Which means that is a dance of wind and water. So that any part of the wind blows, the water also moves on the same side on the stairs.
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Filband is a village in Mazandaran Province in north of Iran. In most of time you can see an ocean of the clouds under your feet. The average of temperature in this area is low so the best time to travel to Filband is in spring and summer. This village is located at an altitude of about 2,300 meters above sea level. Filband on the eastern side of Mazandaran is known as the roof of the province. When the clouds are coming up you can feel yourself on the clouds. One of the recreation that tourists experience it on a journey to the Filband village is Mountaineering and climbing the summits around this village.
Two most popular climbing paths in Filband village are Climb to Hasin bon peak and Scrolling the Ridge of Filband village to Emamzadeh Ghasem and Alimestan Village.
The temperature in the autumn and winter is cold enough to prevent passengers from seeing the village.
Masuleh is a village in Fuman County, Gilan Province, north of Iran. It is approximately 60 km southwest of Rasht and 32 km west of Fuman. The village is 1,050 meters above sea level in the Alborz mountain range, near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. The village itself has a difference in elevation of 100 meters. This village is to be announced as UNESCO Historical Heritage Site in September 2015. It has been entered in the National Heritage List of Iran in 1975.
Masuleh architecture is unique. The buildings have been built into the mountain and are interconnected. Courtyards and roofs both serve as pedestrian areas similar to streets. In this village does not allow any motor vehicles to enter, due to its unique layout. It is the only city in Iran with such a prohibition. However, the small streets and many stairs simply wouldn’t make it possible for vehicles to enter.
The spectacular architecture of Masuleh is popularly known as “The yard of the building above is the roof of the building below”.
The landscape surrounding Masuleh is lush and mountainous with a frequent covering of dense fog, so much so that many of the homes in the town are covered in bright yellow clay so they can be seen better through the haze. Fog is the predominant weather feature of Masuleh.
Masal lies 50 km northwest of Rasht and 20 km west of Fuman. Olasbelangah is a summer village 25 km far from Masal in top of mountains. It means a tree at high altitude.
This place is a beautiful city in the province of Gilan with over 70,000 hectares of forests and pastures is a well-worth destination.
There are some rivers in Masal. The main rivers are Khalkai in Masal and Rud Morghak in Shanderman.
Masal is not extremely cold in winter and humidity is a bit high in warm seasons. But it’s different for Olasbelangah you feel a bit cold even in middle of summer.
Masal is one of the attractions of Gilan province. The best time to travel there is spring and summer.
Rasht is a city (the capital city of Gilan Province) in the north of Iran around 40 km from the shore of the Caspian Sea. It is the largest city on Iran’s Caspian Sea coast with Mediterranean climate. Its history goes back to the 13th century. Rasht is also a major tourist center with the resort of Masouleh.
This city is known in Iran for its beauty, nature and its foods. People for all around the country come there to experience much wetter and colder climate than the rest of the country. It is the capital of the northern Iranian province of Gilan. In all Rasht and its surroundings offer a starkly different experience from southern Iran.
Rasht and the surrounding towns of the Caspian province are a great place to try sea foods and other foods and dessert. One of them is a cookie. Look for stores selling cookies with round patterns embossed on them (they say the best ones are sold in nearby Fuman). You can buy some kind of dooghs, the traditional drink of the area.
Due to the fertile soil northern Iran offers a great variety of food. In Rasht this includes many kind foods. It’s also added in UNESCO as a Creative City of Gastronomy.